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Archive for 5 Απριλίου 2007

Ο ΟΥΓΚΟ ΤΣΑΒΕΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΑ ΝΟΣΟΚΟΜΕΙΑ-April 2, 2007

Posted by satyrikon στο 5 Απριλίου, 2007

story.chavez.ap.jpg

Venezuelan President Hugo

Chavez warns of a possible

 state takeover of certain

private hospitals in a speech

Monday.

 

 

Chavez: Government

could seize private

 hospitals

POSTED: 0207 GMT (1007 HKT), April 2, 2007
var clickExpire = «05/2/2007»; 

Story Highlights

• Chavez says private hospitals will have to be nationalized if prices keep rising
• State takeover could significantly expand Chavez’s nationalization drive
• Patients at public hospitals regularly wait weeks for surgeries
• Chavez also said private schools need more regulation

CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) — President Hugo Chavez warned that his government could take over private hospitals if they continue raising prices for care.

Chavez made the remark during a speech Monday at the presidential palace, saying if private hospitals «keep speculating, increasing prices, they will have to be regulated.»

«Any private hospital that doesn’t comply with the regulations that are made, if necessary, will have to be nationalized,» Chavez said. «We cannot allow there to be a shameless looting using such important services as health.»

ΔΙΑΒΑΣΤΕ ΟΛΟΚΛΗΡΟ ΤΟ ΑΡΘΡΟ ΤΟΥ CNN

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ΝΕΑ ΑΠΟ ΤΗΝ ΚΙΝΑ-ΛΑΙΚΗ ΗΜΕΡΗΣΙΑ

Posted by satyrikon στο 5 Απριλίου, 2007

This is the PD logo This is the picture for mailbox April 05, 2007
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ΔΙΕΘΝΕΙΣ ΕΙΔΗΣΕΙΣ- 07-04-05

Posted by satyrikon στο 5 Απριλίου, 2007

CONTENTS
[01] RUSSIA AGAIN OFFERS UKRAINE ‘ASSISTANCE’
[02] U.S. SET TO CARRY OUT MISSILE-DEFENSE PROGRAM
[03] U.S. REAFFIRMS BACKING FOR RUSSIAN WTO MEMBERSHIP…
[04] …BUT IS WARY OF ‘GAS OPEC’
[05] ESTONIA REBUKES RUSSIAN MINISTER’S CALL FOR A BOYCOTT
[06] CHINESE MAY LEAVE RUSSIAN FAR EAST DUE TO MARKET BAN
[07] PRO-MOSCOW CHECHEN LEADER INAUGURATED AS PRESIDENT
[08] ARMENIAN PRESIDENT APPOINTS DEFENSE MINISTER AS NEW PREMIER
[09] RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER REITERATES CONCERN OVER U.S.
     MISSILE-DEFENSE PLANS
[10] ARMENIAN OFFICIAL COMPLAINS OF INCOMPLETE JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE
[11] NAGORNO-KARABAKH ANNOUNCES ELECTION DATE
[12] TRIPARTITE AGREEMENT ON REGIONAL TRANSPORT SIGNED IN BAKU
[13] GEORGIAN PRESIDENT UNVEILS NEW ‘MULTIVECTOR SECURITY’ STRATEGY
[14] NEW KAZAKH DEPUTY DEFENSE MINISTER APPOINTED
[15] KYRGYZ PREMIER SEEKS TO AVERT CONFRONTATION BETWEEN PRESIDENT AND
     OPPOSITION
[16] TAJIK PRESIDENT URGES RETURN OF ANCIENT TREASURE
[17] TWO BELARUSIAN OPPOSITIONISTS GET OFF LIGHTLY
[18] UKRAINIAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT TO DECIDE WITHIN 15 DAYS ON WHETHER
     TO EXAMINE DISSOLUTION OF PARLIAMENT
[19] UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT WARNS GOVERNMENT OF CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY
     FOR DISOBEYING HIS DECREE
[20] UN AMBASSADORS TO VISIT KOSOVA?
[21] KOSOVA OFFICIALS SAY ROMANIA NOT COOPERATING IN PROBE
[22] NOVI SAD NAMES STREETS AFTER SERBIAN COMMANDERS OF WAR IN CROATIA
[23] ISLAMIC RADICALS IN CONTROL OF TWO SKOPJE MOSQUES
[24] SLOVAK DIPLOMAT ONLY CANDIDATE FOR BOSNIA TOP JOB
[25] SENIOR U.S. DIPLOMAT ADDRESSES BOSNIAN PARLIAMENT…
[26] …WHILE BOSNIAN SERB LEADER SAYS POLICE REFORM ‘DEAD’
[27] BOSNIAN SERB GETS 15 YEARS FOR WARTIME RAPE, TORTURE
[28] AFGHANISTAN JOINS SAARC REGIONAL GROUPING…
[29] …AS KARZAI WARNS AGAINST REPEATING ISOLATION OF AFGHANISTAN
[30] AFGHANISTAN TO CONSIDER MICROFINANCE TO HELP POOR
[31] TALIBAN CLAIMS CAPTURE OF FRENCH AID WORKERS IN AFGHANISTAN
[32] IRAN RELEASES U.K. PERSONNEL AFTER AHMADINEJAD ANNOUNCES PARDON
[33] FRENCHMAN PREVENTED FROM LEAVING IRAN
[34] CANADA INVESTIGATING JOURNALIST’S 2003 DEATH IN IRANIAN CUSTODY
[35] IRAN’S INTELLIGENCE MINISTER SAYS HE HAS NO KNOWLEDGE OF MISSING
     AMERICAN
[36] IRANIAN TEACHERS RELEASED ONE MONTH AFTER BEING ARRESTED AT
     PROTEST OVER WAGES
[37] FEMINISTS ARE TAKEN TO TEHRAN JAIL
[38] IRAQI GROUP ISSUES NEW DEADLINE ON GERMAN HOSTAGE
[39] IRAQ INVITES FOREIGN FIRMS TO DRILL FOR OIL IN SOUTH
[40] IRAQI OFFICIAL SAYS IRAQ LOST $8 BILLION THROUGH CORRUPTION
[41] IRAQI SUNNI LEADER CRITICIZES BAGHDAD SECURITY PLAN
[42] GUNMEN KIDNAP 22 SHEPHERDS IN SOUTHERN IRAQ
[43] MUSLIM CLERICS CALL FOR U.S. WITHDRAWAL FROM IRAQ
[44] NAME DEBATE REFLECTS CENTRAL ASIA’S MIXED HISTORY
—————————————————————————
Thursday, April 5, 2007 Volume 11 Number 64

Russia

[01] RUSSIA AGAIN OFFERS UKRAINE ‘ASSISTANCE’

Viktor Chernomyrdin, who is Russia’s ambassador to Ukraine and a former
Russian prime minister, said in Kyiv on April 4 that «if questions
arrive from Ukraine, we shall offer assistance,» Interfax reported (see
«RFE/RL Newsline,» April 3 and 4, 2007). He added that «we have not
been hired as aides, but if requests for assistance arrive, assistance
will be provided.» He did not specify what kind of help Russia might
offer or at whose request. He made the remarks to journalists after
Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych’s meeting with foreign ambassadors.
Chernomyrdin also stressed that the Ukrainians must settle their
differences through negotiations. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has
also offered «assistance.» On April 5, the Gazprom-owned daily
«Izvestia» wrote that «current events in Ukraine are painfully
reminiscent of the October 1993 tragedy in Russia. There’s the same
kind of confrontation between the parliament and the president. The
opponents are just as unwilling to listen to each other’s arguments.»
The daily also noted that some supporters of Yanukovych, who have been
bussed into Kyiv from Donetsk, blame the United States for the current
troubles. One young man told the Moscow daily: «Do you really think
this was [President Viktor] Yushchenko’s own idea? The Americans were
involved. [Yuliya] Tymoshenko [of the Tymoshenko Bloc] had her reasons
for visiting Washington. Besides, why would the president keep meeting
with [U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine] William Taylor?» PM

[02] U.S. SET TO CARRY OUT MISSILE-DEFENSE PROGRAM

Eric Edelman, who is U.S. undersecretary of defense for policy, said on
April 4 that the United States will go ahead with plans for its
missile-defense shield in Central Europe even if Russia continues to
reject U.S. explanations of the project, news agencies reported (see
«RFE/RL Newsline,» April 4, 2007). He added, however, that the United
States wants to cooperate with Russia and that he is still «very
hopeful» the two will reach an understanding on the project, which
Washington maintains is directed against potential missile threats from
Iran and other «rogue states.» But he said if talks fail, the United
States will not allow Russia to «dictate what we do bilaterally with
other countries.» Moscow claims that the project is offensive and
directed against it. On April 4, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov called
for a missile-defense conference including representatives of Russia,
the CIS, and the EU but apparently not the United States or NATO (see
Armenia below). Some German media have suggested in recent weeks that
Russia is ignoring the facts regarding the proposed U.S. defense
shield, which Washington has presented repeatedly, and seeks to foster
an emotional, anti-American discussion in Germany and elsewhere in
Western Europe with the aim of splitting the EU and NATO (see «RFE/RL
Newsline,» February 12 and March 22, 28, 29, and 30, 2007). Britain’s
«Financial Times» wrote on April 4 that «the 10 interceptors planned
for Poland would have no effect on Russia’s thousands of nuclear
warheads. What Moscow really seems to find offensive is seeing the U.S.
increase its presence in former members of the Warsaw Pact.» PM

[03] U.S. REAFFIRMS BACKING FOR RUSSIAN WTO MEMBERSHIP…

U.S. Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez told journalists on April 4 in
Moscow that «we are very supportive of Russia joining» the World Trade
Organization (WTO), news agencies reported (see «RFE/RL Newsline,»
November 13, 16, and 20, 2006). He added that «we are also very aware
of President [Vladimir] Putin’s and Russian Economic Development and
Trade Minister [German] Gref’s desire to join the WTO by year’s end….
We want to help in any way we can.» PM

[04] …BUT IS WARY OF ‘GAS OPEC’

The Russian daily «Kommersant» reported on April 4 that some members of
the U.S. Congress are suspicious of possible Russian plans to set up a
OPEC-style gas cartel, which President Putin has described as an
«interesting» project (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» February 13, 2007). The
paper added that some U.S. legislators fear that such a bloc could
become «a global extortion racket.» Members of the Gas Exporting
Countries’ Forum will meet in Doha, Qatar, on April 9. On April 4, the
daily «Gazeta» quoted several Russian experts as saying that there are
arguments both for and against forming such a cartel. Advocates say the
body would promote global energy stability and security. Opponents
argue that it would be impractical because gas projects and trading do
not have the day-to-day flexibility that oil dealings do, and that the
national interests of potential members of such a cartel would be
difficult to reconcile. PM

[05] ESTONIA REBUKES RUSSIAN MINISTER’S CALL FOR A BOYCOTT

Referring to Russian First Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov’s recent
appeal to his countrymen to boycott Estonia and its products, Estonian
Foreign Minister Urmas Paet said in a statement on April 4 that Ivanov
is simply trying to score domestic political points at Estonia’s
expense, Reuters reported (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» April 3, 2007). The
minister linked Ivanov’s remarks to Russian State Duma elections later
in 2007 and a presidential election in 2008. Paet said that «it is
regrettable the election campaign causes inconveniences to citizens and
influences their consumption habits. I assume that every Russian
citizen knows what is good for him and his family and will not discard
better options because of political appeals.» Estonia’s trade with
Russia amounts to 7.3 percent of Estonia’s total. PM

[06] CHINESE MAY LEAVE RUSSIAN FAR EAST DUE TO MARKET BAN

Up to 100,000 Chinese merchants may soon leave the Russian Far East for
home as a result of the coming into effect on April 1 of a ban on
citizens of countries other than the Russian Federation taking part in
the market and retail trade, newsru.com reported from Vladivostok on
April 5, citing interviews with local Chinese (see «RFE/RL Newsline,»
April 2, 2007). PM

[07] PRO-MOSCOW CHECHEN LEADER INAUGURATED AS PRESIDENT

Ramzan Kadyrov was inaugurated as president of the Chechen Republic in
his hometown of Gudermes on April 5, Interfax reported. He took the
oath on a constitution printed in Russian and Chechen. He received his
insignia of office from Dmitry Kozak, who is presidential envoy to the
Southern Federal District. Kadyrov earlier told the news agency that he
plans to appoint a new government but will not «make a reshuffle just
for reshuffling’s sake.» Since his father, Akhmed-hadji Kadyrov, was
killed by a bomb, Ramzan Kadyrov has risen rapidly up the career
ladder. He has been a first deputy prime minister, an adviser to Kozak,
and then prime minister. After his 30th birthday in October 2006, he
was allowed under the constitution to run for president. His
appointment followed the resignation of his predecessor, Alu Alkhanov,
in February (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» February 16, 2007). PM

Transcaucasia And Central Asia

[08] ARMENIAN PRESIDENT APPOINTS DEFENSE MINISTER AS NEW PREMIER

In a statement issued by the presidential press service in Yerevan, it
was announced that Armenian President Robert Kocharian issued a decree
on April 4 appointing Defense Minister Serzh Sarkisian as the new prime
minister, RFE/RL’s Armenian Service reported. According to the
presidential decree, by assuming the premiership, Sarkisian is thereby
removed from his positions as both acting defense minister and head of
the National Security Council, leaving the post of defense minister at
least temporarily vacant. Sarkisian was nominated on April 2 as prime
minister by the ruling Republican Party of Armenia (HHK), which he now
heads (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» April 3, 2007). The 53-year old Sarkisian
was Armenia’s fourth defense minister, having served from 1993-95
before being reappointed in 2000, and has headed the National Security
Council since 1999. The appointment was widely expected and Sarkisian
will assume his new duties upon his return from a NATO meeting in
Brussels. Sarkisian replaces the late Prime Minister Andranik
Markarian, who died unexpectedly of heart failure on March 25 (see
«RFE/RL Newsline,» March 26, 2007). RG

[09] RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER REITERATES CONCERN OVER U.S.
MISSILE-DEFENSE PLANS

Following a meeting in Yerevan with Armenian President Kocharian,
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov reiterated on April 4 Moscow’s
concerns over U.S. plans to deploy elements of a missile-defense
shield, warning that it would threaten both Europe and Russia, Interfax
and panarmenian.net reported. Instead of the U.S. plan, which he
defined as a «one-sided decision,» Lavrov proposed a «process of joint
assessment of the missile and nuclear threats» facing Europe and
Russia, adding that Russia hopes to resume a dialogue on missile
defense with NATO. He also explained that such an «understanding
achieved by the Russian and U.S. presidents» will contribute to
strategic stability and security. The remarks were made in a speech to
students at Yerevan State University on the second day of a state visit
to Armenia. RG

[10] ARMENIAN OFFICIAL COMPLAINS OF INCOMPLETE JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE

In comments during the presentation of his office’s annual report,
Armenian human rights ombudsman Armen Harutiunian complained on April 4
of the inadequate independence of the judiciary, RFE/RL’s Armenian
Service reported. The 223-page ombudsman’s report noted that a
significant proportion of citizens’ complaints submitted to the office
in 2006 centered on allegations of mistreatment and incompetence by
local courts. Harutiunian added that «the number of complaints filed
against courts shows that there is a lot of distrust in the judicial
system, which is supposed to be the main institution of human rights
protection,» and he recommended that the local courts «become as
independent as possible.» He also criticized the courts for their
rejection of nearly all lawsuits filed concerning the controversial
municipal government’s appropriation and confiscations of land and
private homes to allow construction projects in areas of the capital,
Yerevan. RG

[11] NAGORNO-KARABAKH ANNOUNCES ELECTION DATE

The parliament of the unrecognized republic of Nagorno-Karabakh
announced on April 4 that the region will hold a presidential election
on July 19, according to RFE/RL’s Armenian Service. With incumbent
President Arkady Gukasian legally prevented from seeking a third
consecutive term, Nagorno-Karabakh security official Bako Sahakian is
seen as the leading presidential candidate. RG

[12] TRIPARTITE AGREEMENT ON REGIONAL TRANSPORT SIGNED IN BAKU

Following a meeting in Baku, a new tripartite agreement on regional
transport was formally signed on April 4 by the Azerbaijani, Georgian,
and Kazakh prime ministers, Turan and Interfax reported. The agreement
calls for the establishment of a special trilateral working group aimed
at forging new links between the three states involving the transport
of energy from Kazakhstan via pipelines transiting Azerbaijan and
Georgia. Noting that Kazakhstan values Azerbaijan and Georgia as
«priority partners,» Kazakh Prime Minister Karim Masimov added that the
agreement enhances regional cooperation and provides an impetus for
greater coordination of measures to combat «global threats, including
terrorism, separatism, and extremism,» Interfax reported. But Kazakh
Energy and Natural Resources Minister Baktykozha Izmukhambetov also
noted that with Russia as his country’s «main strategic partner,» there
is a need to «respect its opinion in making decisions related to the
trans-Caspian gas-pipeline issue, ITAR-TASS reported. RG

[13] GEORGIAN PRESIDENT UNVEILS NEW ‘MULTIVECTOR SECURITY’ STRATEGY

Speaking to a group of new military officers, Georgian President
Mikheil Saakashvili articulated on April 4 a new «multivector security»
strategy, Caucasus Press reported. He explained that the new strategy
goes beyond Georgia’s «top priority» of joining NATO, and pursues a
broader set of security relations with Turkey and its neighbors in the
region. Saakashvili added that according to the «multivector» approach,
eventual security ties with Russia will also be pursued, adding that «I
am sure a time will come when we will manage to establish good military
cooperation with the Russian Federation.» The announcement was made
during the ceremonial opening of a new housing complex for army
officers in the Tbilisi suburbs, part of a plan to provide free housing
and other benefits for military officers aimed at attracting greater
numbers of qualified professionals to the armed forces. RG

[14] NEW KAZAKH DEPUTY DEFENSE MINISTER APPOINTED

Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbaev issued a decree on April 4
appointing Azamat Oynarov as a new deputy defense minister for economy
and finance, Interfax reported. The 37-year-old Oynarov previously
served as deputy finance minister and deputy chairman of the State
Agency on Regulating Natural Monopolies and Protecting Competition. He
replaces Kozy-Korpesh Dzhanburchin, who was appointed in February to
the position of deputy secretary of the National Security Council. RG

[15] KYRGYZ PREMIER SEEKS TO AVERT CONFRONTATION BETWEEN PRESIDENT AND
OPPOSITION

Speaking at his first press conference, recently appointed Kyrgyz Prime
Minister Almaz Atambaev warned on April 4 that early presidential
elections may «provoke a split in the country,» according to AKIpress
and the 24.kg website. Atambaev sought to avert a confrontation between
the president and the opposition with a promise to appoint an
opposition figure to the post of first deputy prime minister, and by
urging the opposition to recognize that «a peaceful handover of power
will never happen,» because «the president is not going to quit under
pressure from the opposition.» He also declared that he is «ready to
quit as prime minister as soon as tomorrow» if it helps to resolve
mounting tension marked by demands for an early presidential election
and constitutional reform from the For Reforms and the United Front For
A Worthy Future for Kyrgyzstan opposition movements (see «RFE/RL
Newsline,» April 2, 2007). Atambaev, a longtime opposition politician,
was confirmed as prime minister on March 30 after being appointed the
previous day by Bakiev in a bid to ease a standoff with opposition
lawmakers (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» March 30, 2007). RG

[16] TAJIK PRESIDENT URGES RETURN OF ANCIENT TREASURE

President Emomali Rahmon announced on April 4 that Britain should
return a collection of ancient gold and silver, known as the Oxus
treasure, to Tajikistan, RFE/RL’s Tajik Service reported. Rahmon
(formerly referred to as Imomali Rakhmonov, see End Note) issued
instructions to his diplomatic representatives to actively seek the
return of the objects, which are currently held at the British Museum.
First discovered near Tajikistan’s Amudarya River in 1877, the Oxus
treasure includes a collection of roughly 170 pieces dating from the
4th and 5th centuries BC — comprising vessels, armlets, seals, finger
rings, and coins. The most impressive pieces in the collection include
the image of Alexander the Great as Hercules, a sheath bearing the
image of a lion holding a fallow deer, and chest facings of ivory and
decorated with carved drawings, and the biggest collection of arrow
tips in Central Asia (more than 5,000), Asia-Plus reported. RG

Eastern Europe

[17] TWO BELARUSIAN OPPOSITIONISTS GET OFF LIGHTLY

Opposition activist Vyachaslau Siuchyk was found guilty of «petty
hooliganism» by a district court in Minsk on April 4, but the judge
imposed no penalties on him, saying his offense was insignificant,
Belapan reported. The police officers who detained Siuchyk on March 13
initially said they did so because he resembled a suspect in a criminal
case, but later changed their minds and accused him of urinating in a
public place (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» March 15, 2007). «These police
officers are to be pitied. They were told to lie and policemen
accustomed to lying during the present regime will become a big problem
for society when the regime falls,» Siuchyk said after the verdict.
Earlier the same day, the same court found Belarusian Popular Front
leader Vintsuk Vyachorka guilty of using obscene language in a public
place but also released him, saying the offense was insignificant. The
two verdicts may signal a change of tack for Belarusian judges, who
last month punished dozens of opposition activists with short jail
terms on charges of obscene public behavior. JM

[18] UKRAINIAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT TO DECIDE WITHIN 15 DAYS ON WHETHER
TO EXAMINE DISSOLUTION OF PARLIAMENT

The Constitutional Court will need 15 days to make a decision on
whether to open a case concerning President Viktor Yushchenko’s April 2
decree on the dissolution of the Verkhovna Rada (see «RFE/RL Newsline,»
March 3, 2007), Ukrainian media reported, citing the Constitutional
Court press service. More than 50 ruling-coalition lawmakers on April 3
sent a formal request to the Constitutional Court, asking it for a
verdict within five days on whether the presidential decree is in line
with the constitution. On April 4, Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych and
Verkhovna Rada speaker Oleksandr Moroz announced that Constitutional
Court head Ivan Dombrovskyy tendered his resignation, allegedly because
of pressure exerted on him by the presidential administration. The
Presidential Secretariat promptly denied this allegation. Later the
same day, First Deputy Cabinet Minister Olena Lukash said the
Constitutional Court’s judges refused to accept Dombrovskyy’s
resignation, while Our Ukraine lawmaker Mykola Onishchuk said
Dombrovskyy was on sick leave. There have so far been no public
comments from Dombrovskyy himself on his status or whereabouts. JM

[19] UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT WARNS GOVERNMENT OF CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY
FOR DISOBEYING HIS DECREE

President Yushchenko said at a session of the National Security and
Defense Council in Kyiv on April 5 that the Cabinet of Ministers will
face criminal responsibility if it fails to obey his decree on the
dissolution of the Verkhovna Rada, UNIAN reported. Yushchenko requested
of Prime Minister Yanukovych, who attended the session along with
Verkhovna Rada speaker Moroz, that the government allocate funds for a
campaign for the early parliamentary elections on May 27, as stipulated
by his decree. Yushchenko also appealed to all political forces in
Ukraine to restrain from sending supporters to the streets during the
current crisis. Meanwhile, police reported that some 6,000 supporters
of Yanukovych and the ruling coalition arrived in Kyiv from the
provinces in the morning of April 5. Anti-Yushchenko demonstrators have
reportedly pitched more than 500 tents in downtown Kyiv, where are
staying overnight. According to police reports, an April 4 rally on
Kyiv’s Independence Square in support of the ruling coalition attracted
some 10,000 people. Also on April 4, the Verkhovna Rada, which has been
continuing its session despite Yushchenko’s decree to disband it,
adopted a resolution slamming Yushchenko for the creation of «legal
chaos» in the country. JM

Southeastern Europe

[20] UN AMBASSADORS TO VISIT KOSOVA?

The 15 ambassadors of the UN Security Council are likely to visit
Kosova and Serbia this month, international media reported on April 4.
«I would expect that in the month of April there would be a Security
Council mission to Belgrade and Pristina,» Britain’s UN ambassador,
Emyr Jones Parry, who chairs the council this month, told reporters. He
said that he is consulting with other representatives on the council
before suggesting who should lead the mission and when it should take
place. On April 3, the council began deliberations on a blueprint for
supervised independence for Kosova (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» April 4,
2007) drafted by special envoy Martti Ahtisaari. Russia, which rejects
any solution imposed on Serbia, has advocated delaying a decision on a
final status for Kosova and suggested a trip to the region. Last week,
Russia’s UN ambassador Vitaly Churkin, proposed a mission to Kosova and
Serbia for the Security Council to get «all the information it can
possibly get on the situation there,» a clear sign that he does not
consider the Ahtisaari plan to be helpful in reaching a decision in the
council, which is divided on the matter. A Western diplomat told the
«Financial Times» that the visit could help persuade unconvinced
council members that Kosova is a unique case rather than a precedent.
In other news, a massive explosion damaged the town hall of the
southern Serbian municipality of Presevo, local media reported on April
4. The blast caused heavy damage, according to initial reports, but no
casualties were reported. Presevo is one of three majority-Albanian
municipalities in Serbia proper, on the border with Kosova. The final
status talks on Kosova have raised tensions in the area, which has seen
several incidents in recent weeks (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» April 4,
2007). TV

[21] KOSOVA OFFICIALS SAY ROMANIA NOT COOPERATING IN PROBE

Local and international officials in Kosova told the Prishtina daily
«Koha ditore» that Romania is not cooperating in a probe into the
killing of two demonstrators by Romanian police, the daily reported on
April 2. During demonstrations on February 10, local and international
riot police killed two and injured dozens of demonstrators with rubber
bullets (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» February 12, 13, 14, and 15, 2007).
Eleven of the Romanian policemen involved were subsequently repatriated
by the Romanian government before they could be questioned (see «RFE/RL
Newsline,» March 26, 2007). «We have not received anything from the
Romanian authorities,» Myriam Dessables, a spokeswoman for the UN
Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) told the daily. The Kosovar Interior Ministry
has requested cooperation from the Romanian liaison office in Prishtina
but not received any answer, according to an Interior Ministry adviser
who spoke to «Koha ditore.» Sources in the Interior Ministry say that
the use of rubber bullets was unauthorized. TV

[22] NOVI SAD NAMES STREETS AFTER SERBIAN COMMANDERS OF WAR IN CROATIA

The city council of Novi Sad, the capital of Serbia’s northern
Vojvodina province, decided to name two streets after commanders of the
Serbian offensive in neighboring Croatia, local media reported on April
4. Novi Sad is governed by the extreme nationalist Serbian Radical
Party (SRS), which succeeded with its proposal to name a street after
Veljko Milanovic, a paramilitary commander, for his «contribution to
the liberation of western Slavonia [in Croatia], Modrica and Derventa
[in Bosnia-Herzegovina],» Croatia’s Hina news agency reported. The late
commander of the Yugoslav Army’s Novi Sad corps, General Mladen Bratic,
will be honored in a similar manner. Bratic commanded a tank unit in
the successful attack on the eastern Croatian town of Vukovar, which
was leveled in the fall of 1991. An opposition leader in Novi Sad told
B92, «Munich doesn’t have a boulevard named after Adolf Hitler,
therefore Novi Sad has no reason to have streets remind people of times
and events that represent the town’s, Vojvodina’s, Serbia’s, and the
region’s darkest hour.» The decision needs to be approved by Serbia’s
ministry of local government before taking effect. TV

[23] ISLAMIC RADICALS IN CONTROL OF TWO SKOPJE MOSQUES

Islamic radicals known generically as «Wahhabis» are in control of two
mosques in the Macedonian capital, Skopje, officials of the established
Islamic Community (IVZ) told the daily «Dnevnik» of March 30. «We do
not have the slightest idea about what is going on» in the two mosques,
a member of the IVZ’s top body told the daily. He also said that the
IVZ, whose members are mostly ethnic Albanians, has repeatedly asked
the police to restore the mosques to IVZ control and remove the
radicals from the mosque, without success. The head of the IVZ, Grand
Mufti Sulejman Rexhepi, said that «the Wahhabis’ efforts to impose
themselves in this region are obvious, but our believers will not
accept them.» He was speaking after returning from Novi Pazar, the
capital of the mainly Muslim Sandzak region of Serbia and Montenegro,
where he attended the establishment of the Serbian Islamic Community
last month (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» March 29, 2007). TV

[24] SLOVAK DIPLOMAT ONLY CANDIDATE FOR BOSNIA TOP JOB

Slovak diplomat Miroslav Lajcak is the only candidate to succeed
Christian Schwarz-Schilling of Germany as high representative of the
international community in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Banja Luka daily
«Nezavisne novine» reported on April 4. Lajcak is a career diplomat who
was based in Belgrade between 2001 and 2005 as Slovakia’s envoy to
Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, and Macedonia. He subsequently served as
personal representative of EU foreign-policy chief Javier Solana in the
process that led to Montenegro’s separation from Serbia in 2006.
Unidentified diplomatic sources told «Nezavisne novine» that his
candidacy could still be derailed if Slovakia, which currently holds
one of the rotating seats on the UN Security Council, comes out more
openly against the Ahtisaari plan for Kosova. Slovakia is one of a
handful of EU member states that have expressed reservations regarding
the UN’s plan. Sweden, Spain, Austria, the United Kingdom, and Germany
have all had high representatives; it was widely assumed that
Schwarz-Schilling’s successor, who will have a mandate of just one year
before his office is phased out in June 2008, would be Italian or
French. TV

[25] SENIOR U.S. DIPLOMAT ADDRESSES BOSNIAN PARLIAMENT…

U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Europe Daniel Fried began a
two-day visit to Bosnia-Herzegovina on April 4, local and international
media reported the same day. On the first day of his official visit,
Fried addressed both houses of Bosnia’s parliament, stressing the
United States’ commitment to regional stability and Bosnia’s
integration into Euro-Atlantic structures, Bosnian public radio
reported. Fried told the lawmakers that Bosnia has taken a step back in
the past year and that politicians have replaced talk of a common
future with nationalist rhetoric. Fried called on them to agree on
police reform, a precondition for closer ties with the European Union,
and said that the Bosnian Constitution «should be improved.» «It is up
to you to find a compromise,» he told parliamentarians, «and it is
probably our responsibility to help you with expertise and whichever
other means we can.» TV

[26] …WHILE BOSNIAN SERB LEADER SAYS POLICE REFORM ‘DEAD’

Bosnian Serb Prime Minister Milorad Dodik told a press conference on
April 4 that stalled talks on police reform are «dead,» Bosnian public
radio reported the same day. «Insisting on [former international High
Representative Paddy] Ashdown’s model, which we have been using so far,
is just a waste of time,» he told reporters. Dodik said that the
Republika Srpska is ready to continue talks on police reform, the last
remaining obstacle to a preaccession agreement with the European Union,
but on a different model. The proposed police reform, which has been
holding up talks with the EU for the past year, aims to remove police
from the political control of Bosnia’s two autonomous regions. Dodik
also announced that he will present new proposals for constitutional
amendments; a first package failed to garner the required majority in
Bosnia’s parliament in April 2006 (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» April 27 and
28, 2006). He said his proposals will foresee a federal
Bosnia-Herzegovina consisting of several units, one of which would be
the Republika Srpska, which he described as a precondition for Bosnian
Serb participation in any kind of constitutional talks. A judgment in
February that genocide was committed in Srebrenica has prompted calls
by Bosnian Muslim politicians for the abolition of the Republika
Srpska. TV

[27] BOSNIAN SERB GETS 15 YEARS FOR WARTIME RAPE, TORTURE

The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in
The Hague sentenced former Bosnian Serb policeman Dragan Zelenovic to
15 years in prison, international media reported on April 4. Zelenovic,
46, has pleaded guilty to the rape and torture during the 1992-95 war
of Bosnian Muslims in his hometown of Foca in eastern Bosnia, which was
a notorious location of «rape camps.» He was sentenced for nine rapes
he personally committed; four of these were gang rapes, including one
involving a 15-year-old girl. «The victims at the detention centers in
Foca suffered the unspeakable pain, indignity, and humiliation of being
repeatedly violated, without knowing whether they would survive the
ordeal,» Judge Alphons Orie said at the sentencing. Zelenovic initially
pleaded not guilty to 14 counts of rape but in January made a plea
bargain in exchange for several of the charges being dropped (see
«RFE/RL Newsline,» January 18, 2007). He was arrested in Russia in 2005
(see «RFE/RL Newsline,» August 31, 2005). His indictment was the first
to charge rape and sexual enslavement as a crime against humanity.
Three other Bosnian Serbs indicted at the same time as Zelenovic have
been sentenced to between 12 and 28 years. TV

Southwestern Asia And The Middle East

[28] AFGHANISTAN JOINS SAARC REGIONAL GROUPING…

Afghanistan was admitted as the eighth member of the South Asian
Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) at a summit in New Delhi
on April 3, making it the most populous regional grouping in the world,
the «Hindustan Times» reported on April 4. A declaration was adopted by
the other seven members — India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka,
Nepal, Bhutan, and the Maldives — that welcomed the Islamic Republic
of Afghanistan into the «SAARC fraternity.» Afghan President Hamid
Karzai was then greeted individually by the other leaders, with
Pakistani Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz embracing him; Karzai leveled a
scathing attack on Pakistan’s alleged failure to combat international
terrorism just before departing for New Delhi. SAARC, home to more than
1.7 billion people, was founded in 1985 in Dhaka, Bangladesh, to boost
regional ties with the goal of economic integration, although India and
Pakistan’s rivalry often overshadows events at the annual summits. RR

[29] …AS KARZAI WARNS AGAINST REPEATING ISOLATION OF AFGHANISTAN

President Karzai warned at the SAARC meeting in New Delhi on April 3
that Afghanistan’s isolation must never be repeated, «Pak Tribune»
reported. In his brief speech, Karzai recounted the past five years of
his government and pointed to progress. «Our country has moved a long
way,» Karzai said, referring to development of infrastructure, sending
millions of students back to school, and the involvement of women in
many walks of life. He also cited the reconstruction of the national
highway system that links Central Asia to South Asia. Saying that
challenges must be overcome to realize the advantages of greater
economic cooperation, Karzai mentioned access to other SAARC members’
airlines and airports, trade, and transit facilities. «Cooperation of
member countries in meeting energy needs to be strengthened,» he said.
RR

[30] AFGHANISTAN TO CONSIDER MICROFINANCE TO HELP POOR

Kabul might seek to replicate microcredit programs pioneered by
Bangladesh’s Grameen Bank to help alleviate poverty in war-shattered
Afghanistan, Afghan officials said on April 4, according to AFP.
President Karzai reportedly sought details of that lending project
during a meeting with Fakhruddin Ahmed, chief of Bangladesh’s caretaker
government, during the SAARC summit in New Delhi on April 3. Karzai
«was very impressed with our Grameen Bank and he showed interest in its
possible replication,» according to Bangladeshi government spokesman
Syed Fahim Munaim. A Karzai aide said Grameen Bank’s model «could be an
answer» in helping relieve conditions of desperate poverty in
Afghanistan, home to an estimated 30 million people. Launched in 1976,
Grameen Bank lends to the poor to help them buy their own tools and
other equipment required to launch small businesses. RR

[31] TALIBAN CLAIMS CAPTURE OF FRENCH AID WORKERS IN AFGHANISTAN

A purported spokesman for the Taliban announced on April 4 that its
fighters captured two French humanitarian workers who were reported
missing along with three Afghans nearly two days ago, AFP reported. The
Terre d’Enfance (A World for Our Children) organization lost contact
with the group on April 3 while they were traveling in southern
Afghanistan, the French Foreign Ministry said. «We have seized two
foreigners and three Afghans — two of them interpreters, one of them a
driver — on the road between Nimroz and Farah,» Taliban spokesman
Yusof Ahmadi said. «They are in our custody now and our leadership will
decide their fate.» He said the foreigners include a French man and a
French woman. The Afghan Interior Ministry told AFP earlier that the
missing French nationals and Afghans were traveling from the
southwestern province of Nimroz north to Farah. RR

[32] IRAN RELEASES U.K. PERSONNEL AFTER AHMADINEJAD ANNOUNCES PARDON

Iranian media reported that the 15 British servicemen held by Iranian
authorities for 13 days boarded a plan bound for London on April 5 (see
«RFE/RL Newsline,» March 26, 2007). Their departure came one day after
a televised press conference at which President Mahmud Ahmadinejad
commended the Iranian military personnel responsible for their
detention — which Tehran has insisted took place in Iranian waters —
and announced a pardon. Ahmadinejad accused Britain of an «act of
aggression» against his country. «Here, as a representative of the
great Iranian nation, I want to thank — with a medal of third-degree
bravery — the courageous commander of those brave border guards who
defended our borders and arrested the intruders,» Ahmadinejad said as
he honored the Iranian servicemen, according to RFE/RL. He left the
surprise pardon for the end of his prepared remarks: «I announce that
the Iranian nation and the government of the Islamic republic — while
insisting on our power and right to try these military personnel —
have pardoned these 15 people, and we offer their freedom to the
British people.» British Prime Minister Tony Blair reportedly expressed
relief over their release. IRNA news agency reported that the 15
detainees departed with «presents from the Iranian president and the
Islamic Revolution’s Guards Corps» that AP said included handicrafts,
books, pistachios, Persian sweets, and a vase; Iranian state television
reportedly broadcast images of the 15 smiling and carrying the gifts
during their release. AH

[33] FRENCHMAN PREVENTED FROM LEAVING IRAN

As President Ahmadinejad informed the international press on April 4
that 15 British service personnel detained for their alleged illegal
entry into Iranian waters were being released, France’s Foreign
Ministry called on Iran to allow a French researcher to leave the
country by returning him his confiscated passport, Radio Farda and AFP
reported on April 4. Ministry spokesman Denis Simonneau asked Iran to
«quickly find a solution» to allow Stephane Dudoignon to regain his
passport and leave Iran. He was briefly detained on January 30 after
taking photographs of a religious ceremony in the town of Chah-Bahar on
Iran’s southeastern coast, AFP reported, but his personal effects and
passports were kept when he was released. Dudoignon is a sociologist of
religions working at the National Science Research Center (CNRS) in
Paris, AP reported. He is currently in an «effective» state of house
arrest and staying in the Tehran home of the family of his Iranian
wife, AFP reported, citing «Le Monde.» VS

[34] CANADA INVESTIGATING JOURNALIST’S 2003 DEATH IN IRANIAN CUSTODY

Canada’s parliament will debate a bill on investigating the possible
role of Tehran’s chief prosecutor, Said Mortazavi, in the 2003 death in
detention of Zahra Kazemi, an Iranian-Canadian photojournalist, Radio
Farda reported, citing Canada’s «National Post.» Kazemi was arrested on
June 23, 2003, while photographing a protest outside Evin prison in
Tehran and died in detention — apparently as a result of violence —
although inquiries and a trial failed to yield any convictions.
Mortazavi might have been involved in her interrogation (see «RFE/RL
Iran Report,» June 26 and October 30, 2006, and «Newsline,» April 3,
2004). Radio Farda reported that if the motion in the Canadian
Parliament is approved next week and sufficient evidence gathered on
Mortazavi’s role, Canada’s Justice Department can issue a bill of
indictment and ask for his extradition. If he refuses to leave Iran, it
may ask for help from Interpol, it added. VS

[35] IRAN’S INTELLIGENCE MINISTER SAYS HE HAS NO KNOWLEDGE OF MISSING
AMERICAN

While the U.S. government has reportedly asked Iran to provide
information on a U.S. citizen who may be missing in Iran (see «RFE/RL
Newsline,» April 3 and 4, 2007), Iranian Intelligence Minister
Gholamhussein Mohseni-Ejei said in Tehran on April 4 that he knows
nothing about the subject and «saw the report on websites,» ISNA
reported. Mohseni-Ejei said the Foreign Ministry might be pursuing the
matter, but his ministry is uninvolved. He also told a news conference
that reports of the presence of Al-Qaeda terrorists in Iran are
incorrect, adding that his ministry is cooperating to gain the release
of five Iranians arrested in the Iraqi city of Irbil by U.S.-led
coalition forces in January (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» January 12, 2007)
but that the U.S. government «has effectively done nothing in this
regard.» He said the Irbil situation «has nothing to do» with the
release of 15 British servicemen, and Iran released the Britons «on the
basis of Islamic mercy. It was a present to the British people, and
there was no swap.» Separately, Kuwait’s parliament voted on April 3 to
approve a security agreement with Iran, the daily «L’Orient-Le Jour»
reported the next day. The two countries are to cooperate on fighting
drug trafficking and terrorism and extraditing criminals in line with
an initial agreement signed in 2000 between their interior ministers,
lorientlejour.com reported. VS

[36] IRANIAN TEACHERS RELEASED ONE MONTH AFTER BEING ARRESTED AT
PROTEST OVER WAGES

Iran has released on bail nine teachers arrested during protests in
March over better pay for teachers, «Aftab-i Yazd» reported on April 5,
quoting the secretary-general of the Iran Teachers Organization (see
«RFE/RL Newsline,» March 7 and 9, 2007), identified as «Hashemi.»
Hashemi said on April 4 that most teachers arrested during the March
protests were released before the Persian new year’s holiday period
that began around March 20, and nine were released at an unspecified
time in the holidays. He said six of them were members of the Iran
Teachers Guild Society, and three of the Iran Teachers Organization,
two teachers’ unions. Members of the former union, he said, were
released on bail set at 30 million tumans (a little over $30,000) each,
while members of the Iran Teachers Organization had to post bail of 50
million tumans each. Hashemi said this was because they went public
with parts of a controversial questionnaire that Education Ministry
officials set for teachers as part of in-work training (see «RFE/RL
Newsline,» February 21, 2007). Hashemi said they published the
questionnaire to show Iranians the mentality of certain ministry
officials, «Aftab-i Yazd» reported. Politicians have denounced the
questionnaire as sacrilegious. VS

[37] FEMINISTS ARE TAKEN TO TEHRAN JAIL

Two women’s rights activists, arrested in Tehran on April 2 while
gathering signatures against laws purportedly discriminating against
women in Iran, have been taken to Tehran’s Evin prison, ILNA reported,
citing their lawyer, Nasrin Sotudeh (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» April 3,
2007). Sotudeh said Nahid Keshavarz and Mahbubeh Hosseinzadeh are being
kept in an ordinary part of the prison; the prison has a notorious wing
where political detainees or dissidents are sometimes kept. Three
others arrested with the two have been released, ILNA reported. They
were Sara Imanian (or Aminian), Homayun Nami, and Saideh Amin,
according to iranian.com, although Radio Farda named Soussan Tahmasebi
among the detainees; it was not immediately clear if there was
confusion over names or the number of detainees. Iranian.com reported
on April 3 that the activists were arrested in a Tehran park while
gathering signatures for the One Million Signatures Campaign and later
taken to Tehran’s Revolutionary Court. Keshavarz and Hosseinzadeh were
sent to Evin after they refused to sign a written pledge to end their
activities, iranian.com reported, citing websites associated with the
campaign, including weforchange.net. VS

[38] IRAQI GROUP ISSUES NEW DEADLINE ON GERMAN HOSTAGE

An Iraqi militant group has called on Germany to withdraw its troops
from Afghanistan within 10 days or a German woman and her son will be
killed, international media reported on April 4. A video allegedly made
by the Arrows of Righteousness and posted on the Internet shows
Hannelore Marianne Krause and her son Sinan pleading for their lives.
In the video, she calls on Germans to press their government to heed
the group’s demands to help free her and her son. «I urge the German
people to help me in my difficult situation,» Krause said. «Germany was
safe before it got involved in this satanic coalition with America
against what they call terrorism.» Later in the video, a voice,
allegedly one of her captor’s, is heard explaining that Krause and her
son were abducted partly because she worked for the Austrian Embassy in
Baghdad. «Austria is a government hostile to Islam and Muslims and it
also has troops that kill our children in Afghanistan,» the voice said.
The German government condemned the video and said it is working to
secure the hostages’ release, but stressed that it will not be
blackmailed. SS

[39] IRAQ INVITES FOREIGN FIRMS TO DRILL FOR OIL IN SOUTH

The Iraqi Oil Ministry announced on April 3 that it has issued an
invitation for 15 foreign firms to drill 100 oil wells in southern
Iraq, the «Gulf Times» reported on April 4. Ministry spokesman Asim
Jihad announced that the state-run South Oil Company issued the
invitations and so far has included Syrian, Iranian, and Chinese firms.
«We want to drill 50 wells in Maysan [Governorate] and 50 in Al-Basrah.
It will take from one year to three years,» Jihad said. «These new
wells will give us between 50,000 to 60,000 bpd [barrels per day].» On
February 26, the Iraqi cabinet endorsed a draft oil and gas law for the
management of oil resources and the equitable distribution of oil
revenues (see «RFE/RL Newsline,» February 27, 2007). The draft law,
which is awaiting parliamentary ratification, would allow regional oil
companies or governments to draw up contracts with foreign companies to
develop new oil fields. SS

[40] IRAQI OFFICIAL SAYS IRAQ LOST $8 BILLION THROUGH CORRUPTION

Radi al-Radhi, the head of Iraq’s Public Integrity Commission, said on
April 4 that the government has lost approximately $8 billion in the
last three years through mismanagement or corruption, AP reported the
same day. Al-Radhi blamed some of the problems on the Iraqi
Constitution, saying that Article 136b stipulates that cabinet
ministers have the power to block his investigations. So far, he said,
ministers have blocked probes into the theft or misspending of an
estimated additional $55 million in public funds. He also said that he
and another investigator received death threats after they opened an
investigation into 180 Oil Ministry employees suspected of corruption.
«I and [investigator] Haydar Ashur, our representative in southern
Iraq, have received threats by telephone accusing us of being former
regime,» al-Radhi said. «If you don’t stop the investigation, you will
be killed,» he quoted the caller as saying. SS

[41] IRAQI SUNNI LEADER CRITICIZES BAGHDAD SECURITY PLAN

Muslim Scholars Association Secretary-General Sheikh Harith al-Dari on
April 3, criticized the Baghdad security plan, saying it unfairly
targets Iraqi civilians, KUNA reported on April 4. Speaking at the
Egyptian Journalists’ Association in Cairo, al-Dari said the security
operation is displacing Iraqis and creating a state of siege, all under
the pretext of fighting terrorism. He claimed that the aim of the
security plan is to kill and torture Iraqis who are opposed to the
presence of foreign forces in Iraq. He went on to praise the
resistance, stressing that it is «carrying out its role courageously in
confronting the occupation forces.» Al-Dari also described the current
security crisis in Iraq as «discord between all sects,» and said it
will not develop into a full-scale civil war. SS

[42] GUNMEN KIDNAP 22 SHEPHERDS IN SOUTHERN IRAQ

Armed gunmen wearing police uniforms abducted 22 shepherds near the
southern city of Karbala on April 4, international media reported the
same day. Karbala police spokesman Rahman Mushawi said authorities
suspects that the kidnappers were Sunni insurgents who seized the
shepherds and drove them toward the neighboring Al-Anbar Governorate, a
center of Sunni insurgent activity. «This was an organized terrorist
act that has no link to the police of Karbala. We have warned them [the
shepherds] not to cooperate with police who do not have badges,»
Mushawi said. Meanwhile, in the northern city of Kirkuk on April 4,
armed gunmen ambushed a minibus carrying a group of workers traveling
to a nearby power plant, killing six of them, international media
reported the same day. Iraqi government spokesman Ali al-Dabbagh said
armed groups are now focusing their operations outside of Baghdad,
because of the ongoing security operation in the Iraqi capital. SS

[43] MUSLIM CLERICS CALL FOR U.S. WITHDRAWAL FROM IRAQ

A group of more than 20 Muslim clerics from around the world meeting in
Bogor, Indonesia, on April 4 called for the United States to fully
withdraw from Iraq, international media reported the same day. «The
conference urged the withdrawal of foreign coalition forces led by the
U.S. in a timely, orderly, and peaceful manner,» the meeting’s closing
statement said. Hasim Muzadi, the leader of Nahdlatul Ulama,
Indonesia’s largest Islamic organization, admitted that stabilizing
Iraq will be a difficult endeavor. «This international conference is
only at a mapping stage in which there was a collective will,» Muzadi
said. «The second step is how we consult significant parties that have
roles in reducing tension.» Muzadi also called for soldiers from
Islamic countries to be sent to Iraq to help avoid a power vacuum after
the withdrawal of coalition forces. SS

End Note

[44] NAME DEBATE REFLECTS CENTRAL ASIA’S MIXED HISTORY

By Farangis Najibullah

Tajik President Emomali Rahmon recently announced a decision to abandon
the Slavic-style «-ov» suffix that has been part of his name for all
his life. The announcement, along with Rahmon’s call for all Tajiks to
follow suit, prompted accusations in the Russian media of aggressive
«nationalism.»

Russian newspapers responded with irreverent humor to Rahmon’s choice
to de-Russify his surname. One paper characterized it as a presidential
«circumcision.» Another played on the Russian surname Kozlov —
strictly translated as «son of a goat» — asking whether the name
should be simplified to «goat.»

Aleksei Malashenko, an expert on philosophy and Islam from the Carnegie
Endowment for International Peace in Moscow, predicts that Tajikistan
will do more to break with its Soviet past and pursue stronger ties
with neighboring Iran and Afghanistan, which essentially share a common
language with Tajikistan. «If this ‘traditionalization’ continues in
Tajikistan, I don’t think it will be the best alternative for the
country,» he says. «Tajikistan should think about modernization of
society rather than returning it to ancient values, as some have been
trying to do. Instead, they have to try to make [Tajik] society more
open, more adapted to progressive societies. As we all know, Tajikistan
— no offense [intended] — is not the most advanced country in the
world.»

Malashenko says that Tajikistan’s next move might well be to change its
official alphabet, introducing Arabic script instead of Cyrillic. The
alphabet issue has long been the subject of heated debate among Tajik
scholars and politicians. Malashenko regards this as part of a trend of
«traditionalization» among former Soviet republics.

But the retreat from Slavic-sounding surnames does not appear to be
gaining significant momentum in the rest of Central Asia. The name
change was popular after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, when
many writers, journalists, and others among the so-called
intelligentsia opted for the move. All the Central Asian countries
permit the name change. But in reality, many people find the procedure
time-consuming and thus discouraging.

In Uzbekistan, sociologist Bakhtiyar Isabekov tells RFE/RL that he
tried to remove the Russian suffix from his surname. But he abandoned
the effort in the face of exhausting legal obstacles. «If you want to
drop the ‘-ov’ suffix from your surname and in its place add other
[Uzbek] suffixes — like ‘-zoda’ — you would have to provide a lot of
documents,» Isabekov says. «It’s a very complicated procedure.»

In Kazakhstan, not many people bother to revert to pre-Soviet surnames.
But many register their newborn babies with traditional surnames
because it requires no additional paperwork or fees.

Twenty-year-old Kazakh student Isatay Korganbaev says he could not care
less about his surname. «It doesn’t matter if you have ‘-ov’ or ‘-ev,'»
he says. «You can have your surname in any form, it makes no
difference. I don’t care too much about it. What’s the big deal here?
Well, I would probably change it in future if I have to, but now….
Who cares? The president is himself Nursultan Nazarbaev.»

At the same time, some ethnic Kazakhs resettling from China or Turkey
have added Russian suffixes to their names — apparently trying to
blend with the locals.

In Turkmenistan, some writers and journalists use more traditional
surnames as pen names, while keeping their Russian-style names
unchanged in their passports.

In Kyrgyzstan, some men who swapped Russian for Kyrgyz suffixes — like
«-uuly,» «-qyzy,» or «-tegin» — in the 1990s are restoring the
Soviet-era endings.

Since seasonal work in Russia is a key source of income for hundreds of
thousands of Central Asians, many have found it easier to register
their documents in Russia with Russian surnames. Even in Tajikistan,
not everyone is looking forward to «sounding more Tajik,» as President
Rahmon describes it.

Shokirjon Hakimov, a Tajik lawyer and politician, says such a move
presents many hurdles. He says it could also overwhelm Tajikistan’s
creaky bureaucracy. «Many of those officials who work within the
passport and registration system have yet to learn how to deal with the
issue,» Hakimov says. «Apart from that, the government will use it as a
reason to make some money for its budget.»

Rahmon has also urged parents not to include the Russian suffix when
they register their newborn babies. But the legal and financial hurdles
may well discourage many Tajiks from returning to pre-Soviet surnames.

Moreover, in a country where more than half the population lives below
the poverty line, «exploring cultural roots» might come well down most
ordinary Tajiks’ list of priorities.

(Farangis Najibullah is an RFE/RL correspondent based in Prague.
RFE/RL’s Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Turkmen, and Uzbek services contributed
to this report.)

ΠΗΓΗ : HR-Net News Distribution Manager

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The Voice of America (VOA): News in Greek, 07-04-04

Posted by satyrikon στο 5 Απριλίου, 2007

ΠΕΡΙΕΧΟΜΕΝΑ
[01] Οι ΗΠΑ συνεχίζουν την προώθηση σχεδίου αντιπυραυλικής αμυντικής
     ασπίδας
[02] Ευχές ΥΦΥΠΕΞ Θεόδωρου Κασσίμη στην ομογένεια για το Πάσχα
[03] Αφέθηκε ελεύθερος Ιρανός διπλωμάτης στο Ιράκ
[04] Μικρή βελτίωση σημειώνεται στη Βαγδάτη
[05] Νέος γύρος επαφών Βρετανίας-Ιράν για τους 15
[06] Συνομιλίες Πελόσι-Άσσαντ σήμερα στη Δαμασκό
[07] Τα ΗΕ πιέζουν για το μέλλον του Κοσόβου
[08] Γιούσενκο: Δεν θα αντιστραφεί η απόφαση για νέες εκλογές
[09] Ισχυρή σεισμική δόνηση στο Αφγανιστάν
[10] Αλμούνια: Ιδιαίτερα υψηλό το εμπορικό έλλειμμα της Ελλάδας
[11] Επίσκεψη του Ιάπωνα πρωθυπουργού στις ΗΠΑ
[12] Aιθίοπας αξιωματούχος διαψεύδει πληροφορίες για μυστικές φυλακές
     των ΗΠΑ στη χώρα του
—————————————————————————
[01] Οι ΗΠΑ συνεχίζουν την προώθηση σχεδίου αντιπυραυλικής αμυντικής
ασπίδας

04-04-2007

Η κυβέρνηση Μπούς δηλώνει ότι, παρά τις Ρωσικές ανησυχίες, συνεχίζει να
προωθεί σχέδια της για την εγκατάσταση αντιπυραυλικού αμυντικού
συστήματος στην Ευρώπη.

Ο αναπληρωτής υπουργός Aμυνας για θέματα πολιτικής, Έρικ Έντελμαν,
δήλωσε τη Τρίτη ότι προκύπτουν νέοι κίνδυνοι και ότι Αμερικανοί
αξιωματούχοι ανησυχούν λόγω της Βόρειας Κορέας και του Ιράν και
επανέλαβε ότι η κυβέρνηση Μπούς θέλει την εγκατάσταση αναχαιτιστών
πυραύλων στην Πολωνία και την Τσεχία.

Επίσης ο κ. Έντελμαν τόνισε ότι το σύστημα είναι καθαρά αμυντικό και
δεν απειλεί τη Ρωσία, ενώ σημείωσε ότι Αμερικανοί αξιωματούχοι
βρίσκονται σε συνεχή επαφή με Ρώσους ομολόγους τους για την συμμετοχή
της Ρωσίας στην αντιπυραυλική ασπίδα.

[02] Ευχές ΥΦΥΠΕΞ Θεόδωρου Κασσίμη στην ομογένεια για το Πάσχα

Γιώργος  Μπίστης

Ουάσιγκτον

04-04-2007

Ο υφυπουργός Εξωτερικών της Ελλάδας, Θεόδωρος Κασσίμης, με την ευκαιρία
του ερχομού του Πάσχα, απέστειλε ευχετήριο μήνυμα στην ομογένεια την
οποία και διαβεβαιώνει ότι στις άγιες αυτές ημέρες της ‘Λαμπροφόρου’
γιορτής ‘η σκέψη και η καρδιά μας’ στρέφονται στους απανταχού της γης
Έλληνες κι Ελληνίδες.

Κατά τον κ. Κασσίμη, το Άγιο Πάσχα μας υπενθυμίζει ότι ‘ο αγώνας ο
καλός, με όποιο κόστος και αυτοθυσία συνεπάγεται, είναι βασική
προϋπόθεση και μέσο για την προσωπική μας βελτίωση και την ανύψωση του
επιπέδου της κοινωνίας μας’ και πως η Ανάσταση του Κυρίου περικλείει
μηνύματα ‘αγάπης και ελπίδας’.

Αντλώντας δύναμη από τις πανανθρώπινες αξίες και τα ιδανικά του
Ελληνισμού και της Ορθοδοξίας, τονίζει στη συνέχεια το μήνυμα του κ.
υφυπουργού, ‘μπορούμε όλοι μαζί να αντιμετωπίσουμε με επιτυχία τις νέες
προκλήσεις της εποχής μας και να υπερβούμε δυσκολίες και εμπόδια προς
επίτευξη των κοινών μας στόχων’.

Ο κ. Κασσίμης τέλος εκτός από τις δικές του εγκάρδιες ευχές διαβιβάζει
επίσης τις πιο θερμές ευχές του Πρωθυπουργού κ. Κώστα Καραμανλή και της
υπουργού Εξωτερικών κ. Ντόρας Μπακογιάννη για υγεία και ευτυχία.

[03] Αφέθηκε ελεύθερος Ιρανός διπλωμάτης στο Ιράκ

04-04-2007

Το επίσημο ειδησεογραφικό πρακτορείο του Ιράν μετέδωσε ότι αφέθηκε
ελεύθερος ανώτερος Ιρανός διπλωμάτης που είχε απαχθεί στη Βαγδάτη πριν
από περίπου τρεις μήνες.  Σύμφωνα με το πρακτορείο, ανεπίσημες πηγές
στην Τεχεράνη είπαν ότι ο διπλωμάτης Τζαλάλ Σαράφι επρόκειτο να
επιστρέψει στο Ιράν το βράδυ της Τρίτης.  Δεν έγιναν γνωστές περαιτέρω
λεπτομέρειες.

Ο Σαράφι, δεύτερος γραμματέας της ιρανικής πρεσβείας στη Βαγδάτη, είχε
απαχθεί στις αρχές Φεβρουαρίου από άγνωστους οπλοφόρους, που φορούσαν
στολές του ιρακινού στρατού.  Το Ιράν επέρριψε την ευθύνης της απαγωγής
στον αμερικανικό στρατό, κάτι που η Ουάσινγκτον διαψεύδει.

[04] Μικρή βελτίωση σημειώνεται στη Βαγδάτη

04-04-2007

Αμερικανοί στρατιώτες περιπολούν τη Βαγδάτη

Οι Ιρακινές αρχές ανακοίνωσαν ότι θα περιορίσουν τις ώρες απαγόρευσης
της κυκλοφορίας στη Βαγδάτη, γεγονός που αποτελεί ένδειξη ότι οι κοινές
Αμερικανο-Ιρακινές επιχειρήσεις ασφάλειας στην Ιρακινή πρωτεύουσα έχουν
θετικό αντίκτυπο. Αξιωματούχοι δήλωσαν ότι από σήμερα η απαγόρευση της
κυκλοφορίας θα αρχίζει στις 10 το βράδυ, τοπική ώρα και θα διαρκεί 7
ώρες, αντί να αρχίζει στις 8 το βράδυ και να διαρκεί 10 ώρες. Πάντως οι
Ιρακινές αρχές ανακοίνωσαν ότι περίπου 20 άτομα σκοτώθηκαν ή βρέθηκαν
νεκρά την Τρίτη στο Ιράκ. Ο Αμερικανικός στρατός ανακοίνωσε τους
θανάτους 4 στρατιωτών στο Ιράκ και δήλωσε παράλληλα ότι συμμαχικές
δυνάμεις σκότωσαν 8 εξτρεμιστές και συνέλαβαν 13 υπόπτους σε επιχείρηση
στην περιοχή Αράμπ Ζαμπούρ της Βαγδάτης.

Σε άλλες εξελίξεις, νέα δημοσκόπηση του μη κερδοσκοπικού οργανισμού
Public Agenda και του έγκυρου Αμερικανικού περιοδικού ‘Διεθνείς
Σχέσεις’, δείχνει ότι η μείωση της υποστήριξης των Αμερικανών για τον
πόλεμο στο Ιράκ, οδηγεί σε κλιμάκωση της αρνητικής τους διάθεσης για
την χρήση στρατιωτικής δύναμης σε διεθνείς διαμάχες. Η δημοσκόπηση
καταλήγει στο συμπέρασμα ότι οι Αμερικανοί αντιτίθενται έντονα σε
στρατιωτικές επεμβάσεις ανά τον κόσμο. Μάλιστα η πρόεδρος του
οργανισμού Public Agenda επεσήμανε ότι τα αποτελέσματα της δημοσκόπησης
δείχνουν ‘κρίση εμπιστοσύνης’, όπως είπε χαρακτηριστικά, για την
τρέχουσα πορεία της αμερικανικής εξωτερικής πολιτικής. Επίσης η
δημοσκόπηση έδειξε ότι μόνο το 8% των αμερικανών υποστηρίζει μια
ενδεχόμενη στρατιωτική επέμβαση στο Ιράν και το 70% των ερωτηθέντων
τάχθηκε υπέρ της απόσυρσης απ’ το Ιράκ μέσα στους επόμενους 12 μήνες.

[05] Νέος γύρος επαφών Βρετανίας-Ιράν για τους 15

04-04-2007

Βρετανοί αξιωματούχοι δηλώνουν ότι το Λονδίνο είχε και νέο γύρο επαφών
με το Ιράν για το θέμα των 15 ναυτικών που κρατούνται απ’ την Τεχεράνη
και επισημαίνουν ότι και οι δύο πλευρές επιθυμούν την γρήγορη επίλυση
του θέματος.

Ανακοινωθέν του γραφείου του Βρετανού πρωθυπουργού, Τόνυ Μπλέαρ,
αναφέρει ότι Βρετανοί αξιωματούχοι μίλησαν με τον Ιρανό διαπραγματευτή,
Αλί Λαριτζανί.  Αξιωματούχοι επανέλαβαν επίσης ότι ο κ. Μπλέαρ
συνεχίζει να θέλει την επίλυση της διαμάχης δια της διπλωματικής οδού.
Νωρίτερα ο κ. Μπλέαρ είχε δηλώσει ότι οι επόμενες δύο μέρες θα είναι
κρίσιμης σημασίας για την εξασφάλιση της απελευθέρωσης των 15 Βρετανών,
αλλά η Βρετανίδα Υπουργός Εξωτερικών, Μάργκαρετ Μπέκετ, προειδοποίησε
ότι δεν θα πρέπει να αναμένεται σύντομη επίλυση της κρίσης.

Στο μεταξύ, Ιρανικό πρακτορείο ειδήσεων έδωσε στην δημοσιότητα νέες
φωτογραφίες των 15 Βρετανών ναυτικών.

[06] Συνομιλίες Πελόσι-Άσσαντ σήμερα στη Δαμασκό

04-04-2007

N. Πελόσι, Γ. Μουαλέμ

Η πρόεδρος της Αμερικανικής Βουλής, Νάνσυ Πελόσι, θα συναντηθεί σήμερα
στη Συρία με τον πρόεδρο, Μπασάρ Αλ Ασσάντ, για συνομιλίες που ο Λευκός
Οίκος επέκρινε, λέγοντας ότι υποσκάπτουν την αμερικανική πολιτική.  Η
κ. Πελόσι έφτασε στη Δαμασκό τη Τρίτη και είχε συνομιλίες με τον
υπουργό εξωτερικών της Συρίας, Γουαλίντ Αλ-Μουαλέμ.

Στο μεταξύ, εδώ στην Ουάσιγκτον, ο πρόεδρος Μπούς δήλωσε ότι η
συνάντηση της κ. Πελόσι με τον κ. αλ Ασσαντ θα κάνει την Συρία να
πιστέψει ότι τελείωσε η διεθνής της απομόνωση και επεσήμανε ότι η
Δαμασκός υποθάλπει την τρομοκρατία, επιτρέποντας την είσοδο ξένων
μαχητών στο Ιράκ.

Πάντως η κ. Πελόσι έχει χαρακτηρίσει σημαντικό το διάλογο με την Συρία
και έχει δηλώσει ότι θα συζητήσει με τη Δαμασκό το θέμα του αγώνα κατά
της τρομοκρατίας και τον ρόλο που η Συρία μπορεί να παίξει για να
προωθήσει την συμβολή της στον εν λόγω αγώνα.

[07] Τα ΗΕ πιέζουν για το μέλλον του Κοσόβου

04-04-2007

Φατμίρ Σεϊντίου

Ο πρέσβης της Γαλλίας στα Ηνωμένα Εθνη, Ζάν Μάρκ ντε λα Σαμπλιέρ,
δήλωσε την Τρίτη ότι ο διεθνής οργανισμός πρέπει ν’ αποφασίσει το
ταχύτερο για το μελλοντικό καθεστώς του Κοσόβου, και επεσήμανε ότι
διακυβεύεται η σταθερότητα στην Ευρώπη. Το Συμβούλιο Ασφαλείας είχε
κεκλεισμένων των θυρών ενημέρωση από τον ειδικό απεσταλμένο των ΗΕ για
το Κόσοβο, Μάρτι Αχτισάαρι. Ο κ. Αχτισάαρι πρότεινε ανεξαρτησία υπό
διεθνή επιτήρηση για το Κόσοβο και ο πρόεδρος του Κοσυφοπεδίου, Φατμίρ
Σεϊντίου, δήλωσε ότι το Κόσοβο θέλει την υιοθέτηση της πρότασης το
συντομότερο δυνατόν.

Το σχέδιο του κ. Αχτισάαρι έχει την υποστήριξη του γ.γ. των ΗΕ, Μπαν Κι
Μούν, των ΗΠΑ, της ΕΕ και του ΝΑΤΟ, αλλά ο πρωθυπουργός της Σερβίας,
Βόϊσλαβ Κοστούνιτσα, δήλωσε ότι η πρόταση παραβιάζει την εδαφική
ακεραιότητα της χώρας του. Η Ρωσία, που έχει δικαίωμα βέτο στο
Συμβούλιο Ασφαλείας, έχει εκφράσει έντονη αντίθεση στο σχέδιο και
απειλεί ότι θα αντιταχθεί σε οποιαδήποτε πρόταση που δεν υποστηρίζεται
από την Πρίστινα και το Βελιγράδι.

[08] Γιούσενκο: Δεν θα αντιστραφεί η απόφαση για νέες εκλογές

04-04-2007

Ο πρόεδρος της Ουκρανίας, Βίκτωρ Γιούσενκο, δήλωσε ότι η απόφαση του
για διάλυση του Κοινοβουλίου και προκήρυξη νέων εκλογών είναι τελική.
Αξιωματούχοι δήλωσαν ότι κατά τη διάρκεια συνομιλιών τη Τρίτη, ο κ.
Γιούσενκο δήλωσε στον πρωθυπουργό, Βίκτωρ Γιανουκόβιτς ότι δεν
πρόκειται να υπαναχωρήσει της απόφασης του. Ο κ. Γιούσενκο, που
βρίσκεται σε διαμάχη για τον έλεγχο της εξουσίας με τον κυβερνώντα
συνασπισμό του κ. Γιανουκόβιτς, ανακοίνωσε την διάλυση του κοινοβουλίου
την Δευτέρα και ζήτησε διεξαγωγή εκλογών στις 27 Μαΐου.

Χιλιάδες υποστηρικτές του κ. Γιανουκόβιτς, συγκεντρώθηκαν στο Κίεβο,
και κατασκήνωσαν έξω από το κτήριο του Κοινοβουλίου.  Πάντως ο κ.
Γιανουκόβιτς είπε στον κυβερνώντα συνασπισμό του στο κοινοβούλιο να
συνεχίσει έκτακτη συνεδρίασή του την Τρίτη, μέχρις ότου το συνταγματικό
δικαστήριο αποφανθεί για την νομιμότητα του προεδρικού διατάγματος.

Η Ρωσία προσφέρθηκε να βοηθήσει αναλαμβάνοντας το ρόλο διαμεσολαβητή
μεταξύ των δύο πλευρών. Στην Ουάσινγκτον, ο εκπρόσωπος του Στέητ
Ντηπάρτμεντ, Σών Μακόρμακ, ενθάρρυνε τις δύο πλευρές να συνεργαστούν
για να σχηματίσουν νέα κυβέρνηση.

[09] Ισχυρή σεισμική δόνηση στο Αφγανιστάν

04-04-2007

Ισχυρή σεισμική δόνηση έπληξε το βορειοανατολικό Αφγανιστάν. Ο σεισμός
έγινε αισθητός στο Πακιστάν και την Ινδία. Το Αμερικανικό Γεωλογικό
Ινστιτούτο δήλωσε ότι ο σεισμός της Τρίτης ήταν ισχύος 6,2 βαθμών της
κλίμακας Ρίχτερ και το επίκεντρό του ήταν κοντά στην πόλη Φαϊζαμπάντ,
που βρίσκεται κοντά στην οροσειρά Χίντου Κούς. Μέχρι στιγμής, δεν
αναφέρθηκαν θάνατοι ή ζημίες. Η σεισμική δόνηση έγινε αισθητή στο Νέο
Δελχί της Ινδίας, στο Βόρειο Πακιστάν, στο Κασμίρ και την πρωτεύουσα
Καμπούλ. Η σεισμική δραστηριότητα είναι σχετικά υψηλή στην περιοχή
Χίντου Κους του Αφγανιστάν.

Το 2002, σεισμός ισχύος 7,6 της κλίμακας Ρίχτερ κατέστρεψε αρκετά χωριά
και κόστισε τη ζωή σε πάνω από 1.000 άτομα. Τις τελευταίες εβδομάδες,
το Αφγανιστάν είχε πληγεί και από σοβαρές πλημμύρες, που ακολούθησαν
τις σφοδρές βροχοπτώσεις και την τήξη του χιονιού.

[10] Αλμούνια: Ιδιαίτερα υψηλό το εμπορικό έλλειμμα της Ελλάδας

Μαίρη Παραπονιάρη

Λουξεμβούργο

04-04-2007

Χοακίμ Αλμούνια

Η Ευρωπαϊκή Επιτροπή είχε μέχρι τώρα επικεντρώσει την προσοχή της στο
ελληνικό δημοσιονομικό έλλειμμα και τον Ιούνιο αναμένεται πλέον άρση
της ισχύουσας επιτήρησης της χώρας μας καθώς αυτό έπεσε κάτω από το 3%.
Νέο καμπανάκι όμως χτυπάει τώρα για την Ελλάδα ,εξ αιτίας του υψηλού
ελλείμματος του εμπορικού της ισοζυγίου. Σε δηλώσεις του στις Βρυξέλλες
ο αρμόδιος επίτροπος Χοακίμ Αλμούνια ανέφερε ότι στο ερχόμενο συμβούλιο
Υπουργών της Ευρωζώνης θα φέρει το θέμα για συζήτηση, καθώς από τα
στοιχεία της Γιουροστάτ προκύπτει ότι το έλλειμμα του εμπορικού
ισοζυγίου είναι ιδιαίτερα υψηλό σε τρεις χώρες και ανέρχεται στην
Ελλάδα στο 7,7 στην Ισπανία στο 7,4 και στη Πορτογαλία στο 9,2% του
ΑΕΠ.

Οι χώρες μέλη της Ευρωζώνης είπε ο κ.Αλμούνια, δεν έχουν ‘λευκή
επιταγή’ για να διατηρούν υψηλό εμπορικό έλλειμμα για μεγάλο χρονικό
διάστημα Αυτό γίνεται γιατί το επιτρέπει το ισχυρό ευρώ και γιατί οι
χώρες αυτές δεν πιέζονται αφού μπορούν να δανείζονται με πλεονεκτικούς
όρους, δηλαδή χαμηλά επιτόκια. Αν αυτές οι χώρες δεν ανήκαν στην ΟΝΕ θα
είχαν υποχρεωθεί να υποτιμήσουν το νόμισμά τους με όλες τις συνέπειες
που θά είχε αυτό στις οικονομίες τους, είπε ο κ. Αλμούνια.

Πρέπει να σημειωθεί βέβαια ότι η συνθήκη ένταξης στην ΟΝΕ δεν προβλέπει
νομικές συνέπειες η λήψη μέτρων εναντίων των χωρών που έχουν έλλειμμα
εμπορικού ισοζυγίου όπως η Ελλάδα , καθώς η επίπτωση του στο ευρωπαϊκό
νόμισμα εξαρτάται από το μέρος του ελλείμματος που προκύπτει από το
εμπόριο με χώρες εκτός Ευρωζώνης. Ο Επίτροπος δεν μπορεί παρά να
ζητήσει πολιτική δέσμευση των χωρών ότι θα λαμβάνουν διαρθρωτικά μέτρα
για την αύξηση της ανταγωνιστικότητας, ώστε να μην αφήνουν το εμπορικό
έλλειμμα σε υψηλά επίπεδα για μεγάλο διάστημα.

[11] Επίσκεψη του Ιάπωνα πρωθυπουργού στις ΗΠΑ

04-04-2007

O κ. Αμπε

Ο πρωθυπουργός της Ιαπωνίας Σίνζο Αμπε θα επισκεφθεί τις ΗΠΑ αργότερα
αυτό το μήνα για συνομιλίες με τον πρόεδρο Μπούς.  Αυτή θα είναι η
πρώτη του επίσκεψη στην Ουάσινγκτον από πέρυσι που ανέλαβε την
πρωθυπουργία.

Αξιωματούχος της ιαπωνικής κυβέρνησης δήλωσε σε δημοσιογράφους ότι ο κ.
Αμπε θα επισκεφθεί τις ΗΠΑ στις 26 και 27 Απριλίου.  Ο Λευκός Οίκος
δήλωσε ότι θα δώσει επίσημο δείπνο προς τιμή του κ. Αμπε και ότι οι
συνομιλίες με τον πρόεδρο Μπούς θα πραγματοποιηθούν στην προεδρική
εξοχική κατοικία του Κάμπ Ντέηβιντ.

Όπως αναμένεται, οι δύο ηγέτες θα συζητήσουν οικονομικά και διμερή
θέματα.  Μετά την επίσκεψή του στις ΗΠΑ, ο κ. Αμπε θα έχει περιοδεία σε
χώρες της Μέσης Ανατολής, συμπεριλαμβανομένου του Κουβέιτ, από όπου
μονάδα της Ιαπωνικής αεροπορίας παρέχει υποστήριξη προς τα αμερικανικά
στρατεύματα στο Ιράκ.

[12] Aιθίοπας αξιωματούχος διαψεύδει πληροφορίες για μυστικές φυλακές
των ΗΠΑ στη χώρα του

04-04-2007

Αιθίοπας αξιωματούχος διέψευσε πληροφορίες ότι Αμερικανοί αξιωματούχοι
ανακρίνουν ύποπτους τρομοκράτες σε μυστική φυλακή που βρίσκεται στην
Αιθιοπία.

Το Ασσόσιέτεντ Πρές μετέδωσε την Τετάρτη ότι εκατοντάδες άνδρες,
γυναίκες και παιδιά από 19 χώρες μεταφέρθηκαν μυστικά τους τελευταίους
μήνες από την Κένυα και την Σομαλία, στην Αιθιοπία.  Το Ασσόσιέτεντ
Πρές δήλωσε ότι είχε πάρει τις πληροφορίες αυτές από ακτιβιστές
ανθρωπίνων δικαιωμάτων, δικηγόρους και δυτικούς διπλωμάτες.

Πάντως ο Μπερεκέτ Σιμόν, σύμβουλος του πρωθυπουργού της Αιθιοπίας,
διέψευσε την ύπαρξη τέτοιων φυλακών και πρόσθεσε ότι καμία ανάκριση των
αμερικανικών αρχών δεν γίνεται στην Αιθιοπία.

Σύμφωνα με ορισμένες πληροφορίες, οι κυβερνήσεις της Κένυας, της
Σομαλίας και των ΗΠΑ συνεργάστηκαν για την σύλληψη και κράτηση
ορισμένων ατόμων που είχαν διαφύγει από περιοχές που σημειώνονταν
ένοπλες συγκρούσεις μεταξύ Ισλαμιστών και της Σομαλικής μεταβατικής
κυβέρνησης, που υποστηρίζεται από την Αιθιοπία.

ΠΗΓΗ : HR-Net News Distribution Manager

Posted in Χωρίς κατηγορία | Με ετικέτα: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

ΚΑΛΗ ΑΝΑΣΤΑΣΗ !!!!

Posted by satyrikon στο 5 Απριλίου, 2007

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Posted in ΕΥΧΕΣ | Με ετικέτα: | Leave a Comment »

 
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